Periodontal Treatment in Tallahassee, Florida

If your dentist suspects or diagnoses periodontal disease beyond the scope of his or her practice, you will be referred to a periodontal specialist, or periodontist. Periodontists are dentists who specialize in treatment of the gums and bones that support the teeth (the periodontium). Periodontists complete a three year post-graduate program after dental school in order to specialize in the treatment of periodontal diseases. Cosmetic periodontal procedures and dental implants are also components of the periodontal specialty. The early stage of periodontal disease is generally reversible and is called gingivitis. Periodontitis affects the bone support of the teeth and can result in teeth loosening and eventually falling out. Decay and periodontal disease are the primary causes of tooth loss.
 
Oral Health - Periodontist in Tallahassee, FL
 
 
 
 
 

Signs of periodontal disease may include:

 
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Bad breath or bad taste that won't go away
  • Painful chewing
  • Spaces between the teeth
  • Loose teeth
 
  • Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Recession or long teeth
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Sensitive teeth
 
 

Cause of periodontal disease:

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that clings to the surface of teeth and gums. The bacteria in the plaque produce toxins that may injure the gums and supporting tissues. Brushing and flossing every day may not completely remove all the plaque, especially around the gum line. Plaque that remains on the teeth hardens into calculus (also called tartar) that can allow bacteria to hide and grow. Calculus requires professional cleaning as it cannot be removed by brushing and flossing.

Risk factors for periodontal disease:

 
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Heredity
  • Crooked or crowded teeth
  • Underlying immuno-deficiencies
 
  • Fillings that have become defective
  • Taking medications that cause dry mouth
  • Bridges and partial dentures that no longer fit
  • Steroids and other medications
  • Hormonal changes or pregnancy
  • Stress
 
 
 
Periodontal treatment begins with eliminating the causes and risk factors. Sometimes regular cleaning and/or root planing with the dental hygienist can treat periodontal disease. If the pockets and gum infections don't resolve gum surgery may be necessary to remove deeper calculus and repair the damaged bone or gums to bring the mouth back to good health.

Please check back for future additions of information regarding periodontal disease and treatment.

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